This programme applies a mixed-method approach to the following research aims:
- To build a detailed population-wide picture of those with low literacy and/or numeracy (L+N) skills;
- Analyse their life-course pathways and effectiveness of interventions with respect to a range of economic and social outcomes;
- Forecast future changes in population skill level; and
- Develop an understanding of the barriers and enablers that build resilience to risk, along with a pathway to transcend low skills.
Over half a million adult New Zealanders live with low L+N skills, with a strong over-representation of Māori and Pacific peoples. This has significant economic and social costs, including increased risk of unemployment and poverty, detrimental effects on physical and mental well-being, and decreased social and political attachment. Importantly, this complex policy problem occurs against a backdrop of extensive structural change in the labour market, including future of work megatrends such as accelerated technological progress, which has the potential to further marginalise low-skilled adults.
Using a range of empirical methods with PIAAC (Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies) data, as well as administrative data in the IDI (Integrated Data Infrastructure), this research programme will build a detailed, population-wide picture of those with low L+N skills.
Different life-course pathways and interventions will be analysed with respect to a range of economic and social outcomes, and future changes in population skill level will be forecast. Combined with the qualitative work this will build an understanding of the barriers and enablers that build resilience to this risk and pathways to transcend low skills.
The exploration of the life-course trajectories and evaluation of intervention effectiveness will facilitate improved public service delivery aimed at improving the economic and social outcomes of those living with low L+N skills in NZ.