Work In Progress
Multiple research projects are always underway at NZWRI. The projects span multiple research areas, time frames, and levels of complexity. Below are some highlighted projects currently in progress.
Fathers' Household and Childcare Involvement
Fathers' household and childcare involvement in New Zealand: A snapshot, determinants and consequences
Team: Juliane Hennecke (NZWRI, AUT); Gail Pacheco (NZWRI, AUT); Lisa Meehan (NZWRI, AUT); Alexandra Turcu (NZWRI, AUT)
Description: This project will explore the involvement of New Zealand fathers in their children's upbringing and other domestic duties by looking at: fathers' time investment from quantitative and qualitative perspectives, the external and internal determinants of paternal time investment, the consequences of different levels of parental involvement for children’s later cognitive and non-cognitive outcomes. This study will use the Growing Up in New Zealand (GUiNZ) longitudinal survey data.
Timeframe: April 2021 - March 2022
The Demography of Immigration and Crime
Team: Peer Skov (AUT); Livvy Mitchell (Motu)
This research contributes to a project led by The Rockwool Foundation, Denmark. The focus is empirical analyses of the demography of immigration and crime using detailed register data in Denmark. Our contribution focusses on ethnic differences in crime statistics using administrative data in NZ. Other international contributors include Leiden University (Netherlends), University of Oslo (Norway), and Stockholm University (Sweden).
Timeframe: 2020 - 2021
Low Literacy and Numeracy Skills
The expression, experience and transcendence of low-skill in Aotearoa New Zealand
Team: NZWRI members, a range of external researchers and stakeholders (see the project webpage for more details).
Description: The overarching goal of this project is to provide actionable policy recommendations to improve life-course trajectories and socio-economic outcomes of adults living with low literacy and/or numeracy skills. This research is aimed at shaping the ways in which we deal with literacy and numeracy issues in NZ with a focus on effective intervention.
Timeframe: This $4.3 million fund is for a five-year programme spanning October 2019-2024.
Disparities in Healthcare Access
Ethnic differences in the uptake of healthcare services: A Microanalysis
Team: Gail Pacheco (NZWRI, AUT); Mary Hedges (NZWRI, AUT); Alexander Plum (NZWRI, AUT); Nadia Charania (AUT); El-Shadan Tautolo (AUT); Terryann Clark (The University of Auckland); Sonia Lewycka (The University of Auckland).
Description: There is extensive acknowledgement and evidence that ethnic gaps (particularly for Māori and Pacific Peoples) exist in the rates of GP registration, immunisation and dental checks. Underutilisation of these healthcare services may result in a number of adverse health outcomes in the long term.
This project uses Growing Up in New Zealand data and aims to quantify the contribution of different factors (accessibility, mobility, socio-economic, parental and child characteristics) to ethnic gaps in healthcare service uptake. The key goal is to provide potential policy drivers to assist in closing these gaps.
Timeframe: July 2019 - June 2022
Enhancing Urban Regeneration
Enhancing the impact of urban regeneration on community wellbeing
Team Leaders: Scott Duncan (AUT), Erica Hinckson (AUT) and Gail Pacheco (NZWRI, AUT) (forthcoming project webpage for more details).
Description: The purpose of this project is to enhance the impact of urban regeneration on community wellbeing. This multi-layered research programme will directly impact priority indicators of individual and collective wellbeing, by employing innovative measurement approaches, including data from the Integrated Data Infrastructure (IDI), interactive mapping system, and a custom smartphone app.
Timeframe: This five-year programme spans October 2020-2025.
Mobility of Low Pay Workers
Not Much Bounce in the Springboard: On the Mobility of Low Pay Workers
Team: Gail Pacheco (NZWRI, AUT); Alexander Plum (NZWRI, AUT); Peter J. Sloane (Swansea University, Adelaide University & IZA).
Description: Estimating economic earnings mobility is imperative for understanding the degree to which low pay employment is a temporary or long-term position. This study uses monthly integrated data to assess the mobility of low pay workers in NZ.
Prior international research finds there is a greater likelihood of low pay jobs being stepping stones than dead ends. We find that this finding does not hold once we account for intensity of attachment to the low pay sector. Further, results show that those that are low-paid also have a substantially greater risk of experiencing a low pay-no pay cycle relative to those who are intermediate or higher paid.
The Independent Woman
The Independent Woman – Locus of Control and Female Labor Force Participation
Team: Juliane Hennecke (NZWRI, AUT).
Description: Why do some women participate in the labour market and others do not? What role does personality have in these decisions? This project examines the role of the locus of control (LOC) in women’s labour market decisions. The LOC is the degree to which people believe that they have control over their outcomes, as opposed outcomes being determined by external forces that are beyond their control. Using German survey data, this study finds that women who believe they have a high degree of control over their outcomes are more likely to participate in the labour market. However, financial constraints and social norms also play important roles.
Equal Opportunity in Higher Education
Performance-based aid, enhanced advising, and the income gap in college graduation: Evidence from a randomized controlled trial.
Team: Christopher Erwin (NZWRI, AUT); Melissa Binder (University of New Mexico); Kate Krause (University of New Mexico); Cynthia Miller (MDRC).
Description: Income gaps in college enrollment, persistence, and graduation raise concerns for those interested in equal opportunity in higher education. We present findings from a randomly assigned scholarship for low-income students. The program led to meaningful decreases in time to degree, which appears to be driven by students with the lowest academic preparation and family income. Compared to the control group, participants indicated high satisfaction with the program’s model of enhanced academic advising.