Research Outputs

Working papers

Adult literacy and numeracy intervention landscape in Aotearoa New Zealand

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This working paper describes the literacy and numeracy (L+N) intervention landscape in Aotearoa ascertained from discussions with key stakeholders in the sector. These discussions were focused on identifying key aspects of the L+N intervention landscape including high-level government policy and strategy, specific provider and referral pathways, and the type of individuals for whom L+N learning is designed.

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Adult literacy and numeracy in Aotearoa New Zealand: Context, conceptual issues and existing evidence

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This working paper provides a literature review to inform this research programme. It examines conceptual and definitional issues and relevant aspects of the New Zealand (NZ) context, and provides a high level overview of existing evidence. It discusses what is meant by ‘skill’ and the related concept of competency, and how these terms are associated with literacy and numeracy. It looks at how the OECD’s Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) defines and measures skills. It also looks at the existing evidence on NZ’s skill levels and patterns and the importance of skills to economic outcomes and wellbeing.

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Reading components, reading engagement and literacy proficiency in Aotearoa New Zealand

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This working paper develops multivariate models of how reading component processes are related to the higher order literacy proficiency assessed by the OECD’s Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) and to adults’ engagement with reading in everyday life.The differences observed in those relationships suggest that the use of practice-centred instructional strategies and designs for intervention programs may be particularly helpful to those living with low literacy.

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An empirical portrait of New Zealand adults living with low literacy and numeracy skills

The aim of this research paper is to provide a comprehensive portrait of the population living with low literacy and / or numeracy (L/N) skills in NZ. Prior literature argues that “low basic skills levels of adults are a complex policy problem” that does not have “straightforward solutions”. This research paper aims to provide the baseline with which to understand the complex nature and landscape of low L/N skills in NZ.

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We also developed an infographic to accompany and summarise some of our findings:


Journal Articles

When There is No Way Up: Reconsidering Low-paid Jobs as Stepping-stones


The Pacific Days Show - Pacific Media Network 531pi
Date: 12 May 2021

Adult Literacy, Numeracy and Cultural Capability - Ako Aotearoa
Date: 14 April 2021

New Zealand Vocational Education and Training Research Forum
Date: 12 November 2020

Some of the topics covered include:
Supporting practice-based learning with digital technologies; Development and Early Delivery of a Degree Apprenticeship Model for Engineering Education; Working and learning together: Lessons learned from tutor capability building in Aotearoa New Zealand; and How do vocational literacy and language learning take place in an online and distance context?